DIFIS-Impuls 2023/10: Social Policy Making in Finland

The Nordic countries, including Finland, have long been identified as a particular type of ‘welfare capita­lism’. Social and labour market policies are partly bas­ed on universalism, where all residents are entitled to flat-rate or means-tested benefits (universalism), and partly on earnings-related benefits. As regards the latter type of benefits, social policy making in Finland has a corporatist structure. These benefits are legis­la­ted and therefore necessitate the participation of the go­vern­ment and parliament. Central labour market orga­ni­sations and the government are involved in the plan­ning, decision-making and implementation.

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